Biodiversity & DNA barcoding
What is DNA barcoding? Why it is important? How are data generated?
BOLD already contains data on Austrian organisms. Nonetheless, the majority of the ca. 70,000 species living in Austria are not yet registered. The goal of ABOL is to compile the DNA barcode sequences of all animal, plant and fungus species in Austria, including a consideration of their geographic variation. This information is to be made freely available in an online database. Moreover, ABOL envisions itself as a platform designed to help Austrian biodiversity research to establish networks and make rapid progress.
Can’t we simply use the data for widely distributed organisms already recorded in Germany, Switzerland and other countries? Only to a very limited extent. This is because Austria is a special hotspot of biodiversity with many exclusive (endemic) species and subspecies. Protecting this wealth calls for an in-depth survey.
Country-wide DNA barcoding projects such as ABOL provide up-to-date information for all animal, plant and fungus species, enabling the documentation of biodiversity. For more widely ranging species, the ABOL data compiled for Austria dovetail into a transnational network that also incorporates geographic variation. This helps highlight the intra-specific genetic diversity across wider regions. From a practical perspective, we can now pinpoint the exact origin of a particular organism.
Recently, the description of a fungus species of Inocybe section Marginatae, Inocybe antoniniana, was published. Up to now, the species is known from Austria, Germany and Turkey. The preferred habitats of the mycorrhizal fungus are beech forests, partly mixed with other tree species. The new species has been described in detail with illustrations of micro- […]
The DNA barcode library for Austrian amphibians and reptiles is now complete. All native species were analyzed, with the exception of Vipera ursinii rakosiensis and Lissotriton helveticus, which are probably extinct or extremely rare and spatially limited. As part of the ABOL initiative, 194 DNA barcodes were created at the University of Graz, mainly from […]
Dear ABOL community, dear colleagues, Knowledge about biodiversity is more important than ever, not only in the scientific community, but also among the general public. The Days of Biodiversity have been significantly contributing to our knowledge on biodiversity for many years. ABOL will this year again participate in Days of Biodiversity with ABOL BioBlitz actions […]