Biodiversity & DNA barcoding
What is DNA barcoding? Why it is important? How are data generated?
BOLD already contains data on Austrian organisms. Nonetheless, the majority of the ca. 70,000 species living in Austria are not yet registered. The goal of ABOL is to compile the DNA barcode sequences of all animal, plant and fungus species in Austria, including a consideration of their geographic variation. This information is to be made freely available in an online database. Moreover, ABOL envisions itself as a platform designed to help Austrian biodiversity research to establish networks and make rapid progress.
Can’t we simply use the data for widely distributed organisms already recorded in Germany, Switzerland and other countries? Only to a very limited extent. This is because Austria is a special hotspot of biodiversity with many exclusive (endemic) species and subspecies. Protecting this wealth calls for an in-depth survey.
Country-wide DNA barcoding projects such as ABOL provide up-to-date information for all animal, plant and fungus species, enabling the documentation of biodiversity. For more widely ranging species, the ABOL data compiled for Austria dovetail into a transnational network that also incorporates geographic variation. This helps highlight the intra-specific genetic diversity across wider regions. From a practical perspective, we can now pinpoint the exact origin of a particular organism.
On December 18, the 2nd Austrian Forum on Biodiversity & Ecosystem Services took place at VetMed Uni Vienna with the motto Land Use and Biodiversity. In addition to lectures on the measurement and assessment of biodiversity and the launch of the Biodiversity Atlas for Austria (https://biodiversityatlas.at/), the Austrian Biodiversity Council went public with five key […]
Dear ABOL community, this year, the ABOL meeting took place in Innsbruck for the first time. Gorgeous winter weather formed the framework for the 3-day event, which consisted of the first D-A-CH User Group Meeting (UGM) on the subject of DNA methods in environmental management and the 6th ABOL meeting. The first two days with […]
Biodiversity is a term that is far from being firmly anchored in people’s minds. Global climate change can no longer be ignored as a fact, problem and danger, “Fridays for Future” is an expression of this situation. By contrast, the “Sixth Mass Extinction” is fully under way, yet many people are still unaware of the […]