Biodiversity & DNA barcoding
What is DNA barcoding? Why it is important? How are data generated?
BOLD already contains data on Austrian organisms. Nonetheless, the majority of the ca. 70,000 species living in Austria are not yet registered. The goal of ABOL is to compile the DNA barcode sequences of all animal, plant and fungus species in Austria, including a consideration of their geographic variation. This information is to be made freely available in an online database. Moreover, ABOL envisions itself as a platform designed to help Austrian biodiversity research to establish networks and make rapid progress.
Can’t we simply use the data for widely distributed organisms already recorded in Germany, Switzerland and other countries? Only to a very limited extent. This is because Austria is a special hotspot of biodiversity with many exclusive (endemic) species and subspecies. Protecting this wealth calls for an in-depth survey.
Country-wide DNA barcoding projects such as ABOL provide up-to-date information for all animal, plant and fungus species, enabling the documentation of biodiversity. For more widely ranging species, the ABOL data compiled for Austria dovetail into a transnational network that also incorporates geographic variation. This helps highlight the intra-specific genetic diversity across wider regions. From a practical perspective, we can now pinpoint the exact origin of a particular organism.
After two successful runs in 2019 and 2020 ABOL BioBlitzes are already well known in the community . This year we will again take part in the Days of Biodiversity and call collectors to take part in the ABOL BioBlitz campaign. The aim is to sample collected and determined animals (especially insects) for genetic analysis. […]
This year the popular Citizen Science Campaign City Nature Challenge will again take place – from April 30th to May 3rd, 2021. Cities and urban regions can register for the international biodiversity event and compete against each other in order to observe and document as many species of animals, plants or fungi as possible. Last year, […]
Dear ABOL Community It is our pleasure to announce that the ABOL coordination is funded for another 3 years, so that we can continue to record the Austrian biodiversity and to support the biodiversity community in general. The filling of the reference database is of course still the focus of our activities, but the application […]